The more we rely on technology to conduct business, the more important cybersecurity becomes. Companies are increasingly relying on third-party tools and employee devices in this age of remote work. Each of these devices and applications is a potential entry point for cybercriminals. The following are five technologies that will shape the future of cybersecurity.
The good news is that technology can be used to combat cyber threats as well.
Not only can the right software prevent breaches now, but these sophisticated tools can also be constantly tweaked as new threats emerge.
Here are four technologies that will shape cybersecurity in the future:
1. Authentication of Hardware
It’s no secret that most login credentials are vulnerable to cracking by skilled hackers. If all it takes to access your sensitive data is a single username and password — from any device, anywhere in the world — your devices may be in jeopardy.
Hardware authentication necessitates not only a username and password, but also hardware-based authorization from a separate device. Hardware authentication can be accomplished in a variety of ways:
USB security keys
To authenticate the user, these small devices (also known as “tokens”) plug into a USB port. Because the key must be physically possessed, which is difficult to do from a remote location, using a token adds an extra layer of security.
Optical character recognition
An optical recognition factor is a futuristic tool that reads your retina and compares it to a database to ensure you have permission to access the network. Like fingerprints, each person’s retina has a distinct pattern.
Your smartphone may allow you to log in by pressing your finger against a small sensor. Finger swipes work in the same way, by authenticating you with your fingerprints.
2. Security Orchestration, Automation, and Response (SOAR)
SOAR security is a collection of technologies that enable businesses to automate certain security processes. SOAR bridges the gap between incident identification and response when used in conjunction with Security information and event management (SIEM) systems.
SIEM systems are excellent at informing businesses about the nature of the problem. They have a two-pronged problem: IT personnel may lack the expertise to detect threats; even if they do, much of the damage is done in milliseconds.
Let’s break down the acronym to understand how SOAR systems work:
Orchestration of security
Security technologies must collaborate with one another. The process of connecting them so that action can be taken quickly from a single dashboard is known as orchestration.
There is no technology that can completely eliminate the need for security experts. SOAR, on the other hand, reduces response time and the risk of human error by automating certain steps of the process.
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SOAR, unlike previous software approaches, can actually stop specific threats. Because breaches harm brands’ reputations even when no customer data is compromised, preventing them is critical.
3. Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB)
Cloud computing and storage are now the norm. Most cybersecurity business applications are hosted remotely, allowing them to be accessed from any location and on multiple devices.
Bad actors are naturally drawn to easy access. Data can be intercepted at any time when it is transferred. Cloud Access Security Brokers (CASBs) come into play to protect your devices during transfer.
CASBs sit in the middle of a cloud application and its users, carefully monitoring activity. CASBs are sometimes in-house software, but they can also be cloud-based programs.
There are a few applications for CASBs. Some of these access security brokers do nothing more than alert administrators to potential incidents. Others work to keep malware and man-in-the-middle attacks at bay.
4. User and Entity Behavior Analytics (UEBA)
Insider threats are detected using User and Entity Behavior Analytics (UEBA) systems, which monitor users and entities such as routers. They employ a hybrid of machine learning and human decision-making.
Insiders can easily access sensitive files if appropriate access controls are not in place. UEBA tools examine user behavior patterns for anomalies that could indicate malicious activity.
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Assume a specific employee downloads a few images and Word documents each day. Then, one day, that individual downloads several gigabytes of data. That download would be flagged by a UEBA tool, which would either take action or notify an administrator.